Things to Know About Transit Bipartition and Gastric Surgery
We know that obesity patients’ health is compromised by type 2 diabetes and there is a natural link between obesity and type 2 diabetes. Bariatric surgery or metabolic surgery operations are being explored about which surgery is more beneficial for people suffering from type 2 diabetes and obesity diseases at the same time. Medical authorities are questioning the effect of the results of stomach reduction surgeries applied to diabetes 2 patients and think that metabolic surgeries will be more suitable and beneficial for type 2 diabetes patients compared to obesity surgeries.
In this article, we will share all the details about both the surgery and the transit bipartisan surgery, which is one of the diabetes surgeries.
Things to Know About Transit Bipartition Surgery
- As a result of the transit bipartition surgery applied to obesity patients with type 2 diabetes disease, the level of ghrelin known as the hunger hormone is reduced, body protection is provided against peptic ulcer, and the intake of food and thus calorie intake are restricted as the stomach is reduced. Patients experience a feeling of satiety even if they consume little food.
- Transit bipartition surgery is performed under general anesthesia by the laparoscopic method. After closed surgery, the healing process of patients is shortened and their return time to their daily lives is accelerated.
- Gastric surgery is performed primarily during transit bipartition surgery. Then the last part of the small intestine is integrated into the new stomach created. It is made to activate L cells in the last part of the small intestine. When L cells are activated, the Peptide Y and GLP-1 hormones trigger the insulin release of the pancreas to control the patient’s blood sugar.
- Transit bipartition surgery is 86% effective in healing type 2 diabetes.
- Transit bipartition surgery does not harm nutrient absorption; none of the intestines are disabled after the procedure. Therefore, after the transit bipartition surgery, patients do not have to use vitamin and mineral supplements for life. Whether patients should use supplements or not is determined by the results of the examinations performed by surgeons.
- During the transit bipartition surgery, the duodenum is not interfered with, thus preserving the patient’s natural digestive tract. This is how endoscopic interventions can be carried out in the future.
- In order to make a decision of transit bipartition surgery, the patient must have type 2 diabetes. However, this information is not sufficient to make an operational decision. If the patient has type 2 diabetes, there is a certain level of insulin reserve function and activity; If the patient is unable to control blood sugar and metabolic syndromes caused by blood sugar, surgery can be decided.
- You can return to work within 3 days after the transit bipartition. After the doctor’s check, the experts will decide whether the patients will return to work.
- After diabetes surgery, it is essential to pay attention to the diet and water consumption should not be neglected. If the nutrition program provided by the specialists is observed, patients can have a comfortable post-operative process.
Things to Know About Gastric Surgery
- Gastric surgery is suitable for people whose body mass index is above 35 or above 30 and who have health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, respiratory system problems and sleep apnea.
- Gastric surgery is a type of restrictive obesity surgery that limits gastric volume and limits food intake. It is also known as “Sleeve Gastrectomy” or “stomach reduction surgery”.
- Approximately 80% of the stomach is permanently removed during gastric surgery. Since the release of ghrelin in the stomach parts taken, patients’ appetite is stopped after the operation.
- Gastric surgery can be performed with open and closed techniques. The healing process is shortened after all stomach surgeries performed with laparoscopic and there is no obvious scar in mistakes.
- Gastric surgery has some risks like all other surgical operations. Leakage in the stapler line is one of the risks specific to this surgery. The risk of leakage is reduced by performing the necessary controls by experienced surgical teams.
- Gastric surgery does not change nutrient absorption; however, patients may need to take vitamin and mineral supplements in line with their surgeons.
- After gastric surgery, patients can lose most of their excess weight in a 2-year period. Patients should gain healthy living habits in order to lose weight after surgery and to regain the weight. Patients who do not perform diet or regular exercise cannot achieve successful results.
- It is possible to lose weight quickly after gastric surgery. However, it should be remembered that besides gaining healthy living habits, current body mass index values, secondary diseases, ages and metabolic rates of the patients may affect the weight loss process.
- Exercise should be preserved after gastric surgery. After the operation, you need to start walks. After 3 months, training intensity can be increased by getting an expert opinion.
- The hair loss problem can be seen after gastric surgery, but this problem can be corrected by getting adequate protein support and feeding under the control of a dietician.