Differences between Gastric Surgery and Gastric Balloon
In this article, we will give information about the differences between Gastric surgery and Gastric balloon, and we will answer the curious questions about these two obesity surgery operations that enable weight loss by limiting the volume of the stomach.
Obesity disease and systemic diseases associated with this disease seriously threaten health. Obesity disease, which affects both physical and psychological health, can cause individuals to be isolated from society in time.
Bariatric surgery is an important and necessary option for people who cannot get rid of chronic excess weight gain and obesity by taking more than the calories you spend and dieting or doing sports.
What is a Gastric Balloon?
With the endoscopic method, an inflatable silicone balloon is placed inside the stomach, and the volume of the stomach is reduced while the balloon is in the stomach. The gastric balloon method is not a surgical application.
Depending on the type of preferred gastric balloon, the gastric balloon, which remains in the stomach for 6 or 12 months, is removed from the stomach again by the endoscopic method. After the balloon is placed in the stomach, patients have a feeling of satiety even when they eat a small amount.
The goal of the gastric balloon application, which helps to lose weight, does not create an anatomical change and is completed in a short time of about 20 minutes, is to gain healthy eating habits and enable them to lose weight quickly.
What is Gastric Surgery?
Gastric surgery, which is based on the reduction of the stomach by about 80%, the part of the stomach where the ghrelin hormone that controls the appetite is secreted, and the creation of a new stomach in the form of a vertical tube, is an operation that can be performed with an open or closed method. After the operation, the stomach is permanently reduced and this operation cannot be reversed.
During gastric surgery, the pyloric valves, which provide controlled passage of nutrients from the stomach to the small intestine, are protected. Gastric surgery is one of the methods of obesity surgery that restricts food intake; however, as with all other methods, it is up to patients to guarantee that they will lose weight and that they will not lose weight.
The differences between these methods vary according to the application details. Gastric surgery is a surgical operation, an endoscopic procedure performed on the gastric balloon.
In gastric surgery, the shape of the stomach is permanently changed, and nutrient intake is restricted, while the gastric balloon procedure does not change the anatomical structure of the stomach.
Gastric surgery continues its effect for a lifetime, and the stomach balloon limits food intake for 6 and 12 months depending on the type of stomach balloon selected. The common feature of both operations is to provide patients with healthy lifestyle habits. Otherwise, both methods cannot ensure that patients lose weight as much as they target.
Who is Suitable for Gastric Surgery? Who Is Suitable for Gastric Balloon?
For gastric surgery, the patient’s general health should be suitable for surgery, as well as the body mass index value should be a minimum of 35. However, if there are health problems caused by overweight, patients with BMI values of 30 and above can also have tube stomach surgery.
Gastric balloon application can be applied to those who need to lose weight before gastric surgery, those who do not have the qualifications for surgery and those who have a BMI value of a minimum of 30. In order to perform both methods of obesity surgery, all health checks of the patients are essential.
Results of Surgeries
Those who have gastric surgery can lose 60% of their excess weight within two years after the operation. This rate may be higher depending on gaining healthy habits after gastric surgery.
In the 6 months after gastric balloon, patients can lose 10% – 15% of their excess weight. In some patients, this rate can be 30%.
The success of both operations is closely related to the fact that patients adopt the right habits to lose weight.
Risks of Surgery
Gastric balloon risks may include complaints of early stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting. Risks after stomach balloon, which can be removed with medication and end shortly, are generally not serious. After gastric surgery, patients may experience changes such as dry skin, hair loss, fatigue, weakness, and mood. These complaints can be taken under control by using the right supplements, feeding them in the recommended way and providing them in full compliance with the doctor’s recommendations.
Benefits of Gastric Surgery and Gastric Balloon
People with obesity may not lose weight naturally even if they want to do so from time to time. In addition, these patients can continue to gain weight. In this case, not only overweight problems but also many diseases threaten the life of obese patients due to overweight.
The Most Common Diseases Caused by Obesity
Serious diseases such as Type 2 diabetes, Asthma, Sleep apnea, Snoring, Joint diseases, High blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases and Paralysis increase the importance of gastric surgery or gastric balloon applications. Thanks to obesity surgeries, patients lose weight. Even if they eat less, the patients who get saturated quickly can lose a lot of their excess weight after this process they support by exercising.