In Gastric sleeve surgeries, it is aimed that the patient feels satiety with very little food by reducing the volume of the stomach. In this operation, a certain part of the stomach is removed by surgical procedure and a tube-shaped stomach is left behind.
Appetite control and satiety are provided due to the hormone called ghrelin, which is secreted from the extracted part of the stomach. Tube stomach operations are also performed by laparoscopic method. Surgery is performed by entering the abdominal cavity from small incisions.
Gastric sleeve surgery, like all other surgical operations, has certain risks. Bleeding, embolism, breathing problems, risks associated with anesthesia and risks that should not be ignored for those who have leaky tube stomach surgery.
At this stage, the technique with which the operation is performed also becomes important. In recent years, the increase in laparoscopic tube stomach operations increases the comfort of patients. If you know the risks of Gastric sleeve surgery, the surgery is better for you.
Gastric sleeve surgery patients clearly understood the expectations of the process are finalized without any health issues that might interfere with the operation if the operation is performed by an experienced surgeon if the tube of the stomach of controls and patients after surgery if it is done in an orderly manner that are many risks associated with surgery can be eliminated.
One of the most feared risks about this operation is the problem of leakage. In order to create a new tube-shaped stomach, leakage can occur from time to time in the stapled part of the stomach.
But the possibility of this problem can be eliminated by conducting a leak test both before the operation ends and after the operation. After all, like all surgical operations, tube stomach operations have certain risks.
But meticulous treatment when choosing a surgeon to perform the operation allows you to reduce the risks.
It should be noted that this surgical operation cannot be performed with pleasure; people who have not previously tried to lose weight or have the determination to stroke to ideal body sizes are not recommended to start with tube stomach surgery.
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How safe is gastric sleeve surgery?
The risks of Gastric sleeve surgery increase as the patient’s age and weight increases. However, when we consider the risks of Gastric sleeve surgery and gastric bypass surgery, the risk of death is one of the least surgeries. This risk is as much as gallbladder surgery.
What are the long-term effects of the gastric sleeve?
Among the long-term effects, the most important factor is the narrowing, rotation or hernia of the gastric sleeve, factors such as gallbladder stones reflux.
A stomach twist or twist is a rotation of the stomach on its axis after a certain period of time, and this can usually occur within a few months, the first 2-3 years. Some of the patients who have Gastric Sleeve surgery may also have digestive system problems.
Although these problems vary from patient to patient, they can occur as constipation or diarrhea. Since 80% of the stomach is removed with the application of the tube stomach, these troubles that occur during the process of adapting the body to the new situation disappear within a few weeks.
Is Gastric sleeve surgery suitable for everyone?
No, there are some criteria for that. First, the patient must have tried non-surgical methods such as diet, exercise for some time, but despite this, he did not manage to lose weight.
The patient must be between the ages of 18 and 80 and able to remove the anesthesia. If his body mass index is above 40 or between 35-40, he should have an additional obesity-related disease.
For example, diabetes, high blood pressure also, the patient should not have an untreated psychiatric disorder and should not be addicted to substances or alcohol. Patients who meet these criteria can have surgery.
This operation is performed for patients with a body mass index above 35 or diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cholesterol elevation, and patients with a body mass index above 30. Excess weight of patients who will undergo this operation must be of exogenous origin.
In other words, it should not be from the group of hormonal disorders. In order to lose weight, these people need to work with methods such as diet, exercise for a long time.
As a result of these efforts, this operation can be offered as an option to obese people who cannot lose weight.
It cannot be done to those with a body mass index of 30 and below, patients who cannot make lifestyle changes after surgery, substance and alcohol addicts, cancer patients and people who plan a pregnancy within 1 year.
It should not be done to patients who develop obesity due to hormone disorder. It should not be done to people with a psychological disorder who are not recommended by a psychiatric doctor.
People who provide the body mass index mentioned above and who have not previously been able to lose weight through diet and exercise are interviewed for this operation. After performing the necessary routine examinations, it is evaluated by the bariatric surgery unit of the hospital or clinic.
In this unit, the patient evaluates Endocrinology, cardiology, pulmonology and General Surgery Specialists, as well as a dietitian, psychologist or psychiatrist, and then anesthesiologist, stating their opinion on whether the operation will be performed.
What is the Success Rate of Gastric Sleeve Surgery?
The success rate of gastric sleev surgery depends on many factors, including the patient’s weight loss, lifestyle habits, and the success rate of the procedure itself. It has been shown that approximately 71% of patients have lost all or part of their excess weight within two years.
The success rate varies depending on the surgeon and the type of procedure performed. In general, however, gastric sleeve patients report a high degree of satisfaction with the results.
One of the biggest risks of gastric sleeve surgery is lack of exercise. A lack of exercise can actually exacerbate the results of the procedure. Exercise can reduce a patient’s BMI by four percentage points at twelve months following surgery.
Consistent exercise after gastric sleeve surgery continues to improve the results of the surgery. Surgical outcomes vary based on the surgeon’s skill and experience. Choosing a reputable bariatric surgeon is essential to a positive experience.
Typically, bariatric surgery patients lose weight rapidly and continue to do so for the first six to eighteen months. Many patients lose more than fifty percent of their excess weight during the first six months and seventy percent of their excess weight within the first year.
The weight loss rate may continue for as long as five years. This is a great result. But what if the weight loss doesn’t last? Depending on the patient’s initial BMI, the success rate may be even greater.