Who Can Have Gastric Surgery?
Obesity disease continues to spread worldwide and demands for gastric surgery are increasing. So, the answers to the question “Who can have gastric surgery?” become important.
Obesity is common among adults and children and has become a global health problem. Due to obesity disease, people’s daily lives are affected for different reasons. The problem of overweight affects many important diseases such as blood pressure, diabetes, respiratory diseases and vascular occlusion, and the psychological health of patients.
Patients who cannot lose weight despite regular nutrition and exercise programs have gastric surgery to live a healthier and more comfortable life. However, in order to have gastric surgery, it is necessary to have the criteria set by the World Health Organization.
Body Mass Index is a Very Important Variable
Sometimes patients who are overweight and unable to lose these weights by dieting or exercising are also demanding to undergo obesity surgery. However, being considered suitable for obesity surgery is related to the appropriate body mass index values.
What is BMI?
People with a Body Mass Index above 40 or over 30 who have extra health problems due to excess weight are candidates for gastric surgery.
In order to have obesity surgery, it is necessary to be determined to lose weight.
Even gastric surgery has limited benefits for patients who want to get rid of their excess weight but do not want to change their lives for this goal. As we explained earlier, obesity surgery is a restrictive surgery that enables people to saturate faster and eat less.
Those who have this surgery must make changes in their lifestyle and nutrition programs. He should be willing and determined to lose weight and gain the habit of acting with exercises suitable for general health conditions as much as possible.
Who Can Have Gastric Bypass Surgery?
Obesity surgeries are evaluated according to body mass index. Patients with a body mass index of 40 and above or patients with a body mass index of 35-40 with medical problems such as obesity-related type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea are suitable for this operation. It can be applied to patients who are obese and cannot lose weight or have weight-related insulin resistance, joint discomfort, etc. complaints with excess weight. As revision surgery, it can be applied to all patients who have previously had gastric sleeve, gastric band, stomach folding, or vertical gastroplasty. Again, all of these procedures can be performed laparoscopically.
Who Cannot Have Gastric Surgery?
Anyone who wants to have a gastric surgery may not be suitable for this surgery. People with the following problem are not considered candidates for Obesity surgery:
- Alcohol addicts
- Those whose general health is not suitable for anesthesia
- People with psychological problems
- Those with eating disorders
- Those who do not have proper body mass index (BMI) values for surgery
- Those who do not feel ready for the change after the operation