Gastric Bypass surgery has two stages. In the first stage, the stomach shrinks to a volume of about 30-50 ml. The upper end is joined by the last intestine. In this way, both the amount of food taken is reduced and not all of the food taken can be absorbed.
The amount of calories taken into the body is minimized. Below is a list of Advantages & Disadvantages of Gastric Bypass and detailed information about the operation.
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Advantages of Gastric Bypass
After gastric bypass surgeries, patients are advised to regularly follow a diet and exercise program. The success of surgery is linked to the patient’s compliance with this order. Advantages of gastric bypass include:
- Permanent weight loss is longer lasting.
- It restricts the amount of food that can be depleted.
- It can lead to conditions that increase energy consumption.
- It provides positive changes in gut hormones that reduce appetite and increase satiety.
- High blood pressure improves. 70% of patients can completely stop their blood pressure medication.
- Blood cholesterol improves. Cholesterol levels have been reported to decrease in 80% of patients. 23 months after surgery, values return to normal.
- The risk of heart disease drops.
- Very few patients diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes need to take medication.
- Patients with diabetes are completely cured.
- Asthma attacks are greatly reduced, and in some patients they are completely improved.
- Breathing problems improve within a few months after surgery. Many patients can return to activities and normal routines that they have to give up due to breathing problems.
- Sleep disorders associated with obesity, such as sleep apnea syndrome, disappear.
- Acid reflux disease disappears.
- Weight loss with this method is permanent with the registration of compliance with the rules.
Disadvantages of Gastric Bypass
Gastric bypass surgery will most likely cause various side effects. Surgery also interacts with many metabolic activities and can lead to some problems. Beyond that, it is a costly option and is not covered by private health insurance. Disadvantages of gastric Bypass include:
- Technically, Sleeve gastrectomy is a more complex procedure than surgery and can potentially cause larger complications.
- It can lead to long-term vitamin / mineral deficiencies, especially vitamin B12, iron, calcium and folate deficiencies.
- Generally, the duration of hospital stay is longer than sleeve gastrectomy surgery.
- It requires adherence to dietary recommendations, lifelong vitamin / mineral support, and follow-up compliance.
- Increase in urinary infections
- Constipation or bowel obstruction
- Blockage of the stomach outflow. After surgery, the outflow of the stomach is quite narrowed. Foods that are not chewed well are available to create congestion here. Any bite larger than the output carries a risk of obstruction.
- Chronic nutrient deficiencies
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
- Change in bowel habits
- Hair loss
- Reduction in November
- Formation of gallbladder stones and hernias at the site of surgery
- Almost impossible to recycle surgery
- Risks of a number of serious complications that can lead to death
How does gastric bypass help you lose weight?
Success in losing weight is directly proportional to the patient’s compliance with the diet and exercise program after surgery. It is possible that a patient who has undergone surgery with 120 kg after Gastric Bypass surgery will lose weight by 50-60 kg.
Gastric bypass surgery provides long-term weight loss. The amount of weight you will lose depends on the type of surgery performed and the changes you will make to your lifestyle. You will lose more than half of your excess weight in two years.
The gastric bypass diet will help you recover after surgery and get a healthy eating habit and achieve weight loss goals. Remember that if you return to your unhealthy eating habits after surgery, you may not be able to lose all your excess weight or get back some of the pounds you lost.